Ranked 22 out of 33

Malaysia

Overall Score: 62

Indicators of Influence

These seven key indicators highlight interference from the tobacco industry in Malaysia.

No. 1

Industry participation in policy development:

Indicator Score:

9 / 20

Overall, Malaysia has maintained a “no direct participation of the tobacco industry” in policy development. There were many pro-tobacco groups opposing tax increases. With the withdrawal of the Goods and Services Tax, and reintroduction of the sales and service tax, tobacco prices saw a slight increase, however there was no excise tax increase. The new Border Security Agency, AKSEM, which has the Kenaf Board in the committee (Japan Tobacco is on the Kenaf Board) carried out raids on smuggling of tobacco.

No. 2

Tobacco industry-related CSR activities:

Indicator Score:

3 / 20

PMI continued to sponsor Yayasan Salam Malaysia’s “Back-to-School” program which was officiated by the political secretary of the Prime Minister and endorsed by the government and the Chief Minister of Kedah.

No. 3

Benefits given to the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

8 / 20

In 2018, PMI started to sell its IQOS heated tobacco product (HTP) without pictorial health warnings (PHW) and there has been no enforcement to apply the PHW on these products, even if HTPs fall under the definition of tobacco products according to the Control of Tobacco Products Regulation. Malaysia continues to allow international travelers an allowance of 200 cigarettes to bring into Malaysia. On the plus side, in ATIGA (ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement), Malaysia has maintained to keep tobacco on the sensitive list and has not yet reduced import duties to zero.

No. 4

Unnecessary interaction with the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

5 / 20

The Johor Director of Royal Customs, Dato’ Mohammad Hamiddan bin Maryani, officiated the opening ceremony of BAT’s new factory in Johor. The Managing Director of BAT was also present.

No. 5

Procedure for transparency measures:

Indicator Score:

8 / 20

There is no official record keeping of when the tobacco industry meets with government officials. There are no rules for the disclosure or registration of tobacco industry entities or affiliated organizations, and individuals acting on their behalf including lobbyists do not exist.

No. 6

Avoiding conflicts of interest:

Indicator Score:

9 / 20

There were no new appointments among recent senior government retirees. The former Secretary General of the Ministry of Home Affairs remains the Chairman of BAT Malaysia. The employee provident fund (EPF) continues to hold shares in tobacco businesses.

No. 7

Preventive measures:

Indicator Score:

20 / 30

There has been no progress in preventive measures. While the Ministry of Health started to develop a code of conduct for Ministry of Health officials several years ago, there was no progress on it in 2018. There is still no procedure in place for disclosing records of interactions with the tobacco industry and its representatives.

Recommendations

These are ways Malaysia can deter interference from the tobacco industry:

  • To ensure transparency there must be a procedure for government officials to record all interactions with the tobacco industry.
  • All tobacco-related CSR activities should be banned.
  • The tobacco industry should not be given any benefit to run its business. Tobacco control legislation must be implemented.
  • The code of conduct for government officials must be finalized to provide guidance on dealing with the tobacco industry. The code will stop government officials from endorsing tobacco-related activities and the tobacco industry.

Get more information at about the Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index

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