Ranked 35 out of 57

Mozambique

Overall Score: 61

Indicators of Influence

These seven key indicators highlight interference from the tobacco industry in Mozambique.

No. 1

Industry participation in policy development:

Indicator Score:

4 / 20

The government considers the tobacco industry a main contributor of job creation and the tobacco industry has great influence in policy development.

The Ministry of Labour signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Elimination of Child Labour in Tobacco Growing Foundation (ECLT), an NGO which is fully funded by the tobacco industry. The MOU has a provision that the NGO also participates in revising the legal framework on child labor.

No. 2

Tobacco industry-related CSR activities:

Indicator Score:

4 / 20

Universal Leaf Tobacco Company, Inc. assists tobacco growers with agricultural inputs and technical support. The Mozambique Leaf Tobacco Ltd also has a CSR program.

In 2018, the Ministry of Labour signed a three-year MoU with the ECLT Foundation worth US $1.2 million to address child labor and strengthen children’s rights. ECLT is fully funded by BAT, PMI, JTI and Imperial Brands. The Minister of Labour said the partnership is a clear sign of openness and alignment of cooperation in relation to government policies.

No. 3

Benefits given to the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

7 / 20

Unmanufactured tobacco is exempt from export taxes and there are no explicit taxes on the export of tobacco. The government grants tobacco companies closed concessions as exclusive buyers for tobacco in specific geographical areas. Distribution of use of bank credit, inputs or services mainly favor the tobacco-growing provinces of Tete and Niassa.

Tobacco producers and processors benefit from government subsidies on electricity prices.

In 2019, the President announced a deal with China increase tobacco production.

No. 4

Unnecessary interaction with the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

7 / 20

A BAT representative states that the company will continue to provide support to the Mozambican Parliament and, above all, to its Social Affairs, Gender and Media Commission (CASGTCS). CASGTCS had previously received 50 solar panels for distribution to the Health and Education sectors in Gaza, Sofala and Tete provinces.

No. 5

Procedure for transparency measures:

Indicator Score:

9 / 20

There is no procedure in place to guide public officials on meeting with the tobacco industry in cases where such interactions are strictly necessary. There is no requirement for the disclosure or registration of tobacco industry entities, affiliated organizations and individuals acting on their behalf, including lobbyists.

No. 6

Avoiding conflicts of interest:

Indicator Score:

5 / 20

There is no prohibition on contributions from the tobacco industry or any entity working to further its interests to political parties, candidates or campaigns or to require full disclosure of such contributions. There is no record of any senior government officials joining the tobacco industry, or of current government officials holding any position in the tobacco business.

No. 7

Preventive measures:

Indicator Score:

25 / 30

The government does not have a procedure for disclosing the records of interactions with the tobacco industry and its representatives. The tobacco industry is not required to submit information on tobacco production, manufacture, market share, marketing expenditures, revenues or any other activity, including lobbying, philanthropy and political contributions. According to Decree No. 11/2007: The Regulation of Consumption and Marketing of Tobacco, “It is prohibited for the tobacco industry, and the competent government authorities, to disclose all the industry’s expenses related to advertising, promotion and sponsorship.”

Recommendations

These are ways Mozambique can deter interference from the tobacco industry:

  • As a matter of urgency, enact a national tobacco control law, which incorporates WHO FCTC provisions, and adopt a national tobacco control plan aimed at the Tobacco Control Act.
  • Provide adequate resources for tobacco control programs.
  • Make concerted efforts among the government, civil society organizations, including NGOs, and the population at large to establish a common strategy with the aim of saving human lives.
  • Create necessary conditions for future generations to lead healthier more sustainable lives free from the harms of tobacco use.
  • Institutionally implement education, communication, training and public awareness programs on tobacco use hazards to cover the most disadvantaged groups of the population, particularly in rural areas.

Learn more about tobacco industry interference in this country.

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