Ranked 27 out of 57

Vietnam

Overall Score: 56

Indicators of Influence

These seven key indicators highlight interference from the tobacco industry in Vietnam.

No. 1

Industry participation in policy development:

Indicator Score:

12 / 20

The tobacco industry’s strategy to influence policy was to organize conferences on smuggling through the business platform. British American Tobacco (BAT) (Singapore) organized a conference on regulations on harm, prevention and handling of smuggled and fake cigarettes in Tay Ninh and Kien Giang provinces. Government representatives attended the conference. Such a meeting provided the platform to involve the business sector, including tobacco companies, in addressing smuggling policies.

Philip Morris International (PMI) met with the Vietnam Directorate for Standards, Metrology and Quality and discussed the benefits of using new generation tobacco products and developing standards and technologies for these tobacco products, and the ability to coordinate and develop technical standards for these tobacco products with the government.

No. 2

Tobacco industry-related CSR activities:

Indicator Score:

5 / 20

Tobacco-related CSR activities for disaster- and poverty-related projects are still allowed. Since VINATABA is a government monopoly many of these activities received endorsement and active participation of government officials from both Central as well as provincial level. These activities include a broad range of donations to schools, construction of houses for the poor and loans to empowering women.

Other tobacco companies, such as PMI, and local companies such as Saigon Tobacco Company and Khanh Viet Corporation (KHATOCO) also conducted many charitable activities such as building houses for the poor, career training programs, and handing out scholarships.

No. 3

Benefits given to the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

1 / 20

Cigarettes are still a duty-free item for travelers.

No. 4

Unnecessary interaction with the tobacco industry:

Indicator Score:

10 / 20

Anniversary celebrations of tobacco companies provide a convenient opportunity for the industry to invite and interact with high level government officials. In June 2019, the Vietnam Tobacco Association celebrated its 30th anniversary which was attended by the Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade. In August, the Saigon Tobacco Company celebrated its 90th founding anniversary and received a First-class Labor Medal. Representatives of ministries, departments and local authorities were in attendance.

Collaboration between the government and tobacco companies to destroy confiscated smuggled cigarettes provided opportunities for unnecessary interaction with the tobacco industry. In September, the Coast Guard Region Command 1 in Hai Phong destroyed 67,500 packs of smuggled cigarettes bearing the trademark “ESSE” manufactured by KT&G. The destruction event was attended by the Vietnam Tobacco Association, the Department of Finance and 389 Steering Committee members.

No. 5

Procedure for transparency measures:

Indicator Score:

6 / 20

The Vietnamese government is “open” about their interaction with tobacco industry as this interaction has been seen as “normal” according to Vietnam law and practice. However, the detailed information on this interaction (with tobacco and other industries as well) were not always be available for public.

No. 6

Avoiding conflicts of interest:

Indicator Score:

6 / 20

There were no new appointments of government officials to the tobacco industry. The appointment of staff from the Ministry of Industry and Trade to VINATABA which happened in 2014 still remains in office in 2020 (Mr. Ha Quang Hoa-Deputy Director of Department of Light Industry was appointed to be Vice Director of VINATABA in 2014; Mr. Ho Le Nghia, Vice Director of Industrial Policy and Strategy Institute was appointed to be in board member of VINATABA in 2014 and become acted as the Party Secretary, and Chairman of the Members’ Council of VINATBA in 2018).

No. 7

Preventive measures:

Indicator Score:

16 / 30

There is no procedure in place for disclosing the records of the interaction with the tobacco industry. On November 19, 2019, the Vietnam Ministry of Health issued circular No. 29/2019/TT-BYT which clearly defines the processes of commenting, acquiring and modifying in the process of formulating legal documents to improve the quality of issuing documents which contributes to reduce the interference of units which has conflict of interest in the process of development legal documents on health.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade has a reporting regime and report forms for Services of Industry and Trade, Industry and Trade Chambers, enterprises that manufacture tobacco, process tobacco ingredients, trade in tobacco ingredients, invest in tobacco ingredients, tobacco supplier, tobacco distributors, wholesalers and retailers. Reported information includes: the production quantity, export quantity, import quantity, sales, sale prices, special excise duty and VAT payable on each brand. However, there is no reporting requirement for information on the tobacco industry’s marketing, lobbying and philanthropy to the government.

Recommendations

These are ways Vietnam can deter interference from the tobacco industry:

  • Implement a full ban on all forms of tobacco industry-related CSR activities.
  • Terminate the rotation of senior management positions between state management agencies and tobacco enterprise to avoid conflict of interest situations.
  • The government must reject any partnership with tobacco industry in anti-smuggling initiatives as recommended in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products.
  • Put in place a procedure for interaction with the tobacco industry, disclose all records of interaction with the tobacco industry and adopt a Code of Conduct for its officials when interacting with the tobacco industry.

Learn more about tobacco industry interference in this country.

Download a Country Fact Sheet